A security-based operating system is the best friend of an Ethical Hacker. A security-focussed operating system helps the Ethical Hacker to find vulnerabilities as well as exploit systems for detecting weaknesses in computer systems and networks. These operating systems comes with pre-installed tools for the purpose of Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing. These operating systems are very essential as they come with pre-loaded powerful tools for creating exploits and finding out vulnerabilities in systems, which are very essential for security purposes.
Not only for the masters, these tools are very good to learn for the starters of Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing.Here are the 3 best operating systems for Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing :-
(1) Kali Linux
Kali Linux is an advanced penetration testing platform developed by Offensive Security. Kali Linux is also known as the successor of Backtrack Linux which is another advanced penetration testing platform which was based on debian. Kali Linux is also a debian-based operating system. Kali Linux is one of the best operating system for Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing purposes as it comes with over 600 pre-installed penetration testing tools. It is a free to use distribution and is regularly updated. It is also available for VM and ARM platforms. It provides the perfect environment for security assessment and vulnerability detection.
Developed by - Offensive Security
Website - Kali Linux
(2) Parrot Security OS
Parrot Security OS is another Debian-based operating system developed by the Frozen-box Team. Parrot Security OS is a mixture of Frozen-box OS and Kali Linux. Parrot Security is a Cloud-Friendly Operating System which is dedicatedly designed for the purpose of Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing. This lightweight, highly efficient OS comes up with recognized tools for Ethical Hacking, Penetration Testing, and Vulnerability Assessment. The Operating System uses Kali Linux's repositories for the updating of tools and uses its own repositories for the storage of custom packets. In short, Parrot Security OS is a highly customizable operating system for Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing.
Developed by - Frozen-box Network
Website - Parrot Security OS
(3) Pentoo Linux
Pentoo Linux is another pen-testing distribution based on Gentoo Linux. It is available in both 32-bit and 64-bit installable Live CD. This excellent operating system comes with a variety of tools for the purpose of Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing. Pentoo can be used on the top of an existing Gentoo Linux. Another feature of Pentoo Linux is that it comes with a persistence support that allows you to save all the changes you make before running off a USB stick.
Website: Pentoo Linux